The Colosseum: an ancient amphitheater
Attractions | 18.09.2019
The Colosseum is the main attraction of the Italian capital. Having become the architectural synonym of Rome back to antiquity, the Colosseum remains a point of attraction for tourists from all over the world.
About the Colosseum
The original name of the Colosseum is the Flavian Amphitheater. Construction began in 72 A.D., shortly after the successful war for the Roman emperor Vespasianus Flavius in Judea. About 100 thousand people took part in the construction of the Colosseum – they were mostly captured slaves. At the construction site there were also groups of architects, engineers and decorators. The construction was led, as it is believed, by the architect Quintius Aterius.

The Colosseum is located in the eastern part of the Roman Forum, between three of the seven Roman hills – Palatino, Celioand Esquilino. Nearby is the metro station of the same name – Colosseo. The amphitheater opens for visiting every day at 9.00 AM and is open until evening (the usual closing time is one hour before sunset, depending on the season).
Do you know?
  • For its time, the Colosseum was a revolutionary building from an engineering point of view. If during the show it was raining or the sun was burning, the roof was closed with an awning – velarium. Velarium was attached with ship ropes to special brackets. Traces of this design have survived to this day.
  • In addition to the well-known gladiatorial battles and animal-baiting, the Colosseum hosted grandiose imitations of naval battles – naumachia. The most famous naumachia took place in honor of the opening of the Colosseum in 80 A.D. and reconstructed the battle of 434 A.D. between the Corfinians and the Kerkirans.
  • Nowadays, performances in the Colosseum are much more humane than in ancient Rome. Now the Colosseum is a popular venue for musicians. Among them are Elton John, Billy Joel, Paul McCartney. And the first contemporary performer to perform at the Colosseum was the legendary Ray Charles – his concert was held in 2002.
Taken into account the popularity of the Colosseum, it is obvious that cinematography could not pass over this place. The amphitheater has already appeared in dozens of films that take place in Rome, from the romantic "Roman Holiday" and "To Rome with Love" to the next James Bond series. But the battle scenes in the "Gladiator" by Ridley Scott, although the scene is laid in the Colosseum, was shot in another Roman amphitheater located in Tunisia.
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