The original name of the Colosseum is the Flavian Amphitheater. Construction began in 72 A.D., shortly after the successful war for the Roman emperor Vespasianus Flavius in Judea. About 100 thousand people took part in the construction of the Colosseum – they were mostly captured slaves. At the construction site there were also groups of architects, engineers and decorators. The construction was led, as it is believed, by the architect Quintius Aterius.
The Colosseum is located in the eastern part of the Roman Forum, between three of the seven Roman hills – Palatino, Celioand Esquilino. Nearby is the metro station of the same name – Colosseo. The amphitheater opens for visiting every day at 9.00 AM and is open until evening (the usual closing time is one hour before sunset, depending on the season).